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Environmental Taxation and Development: A Scoping Study
  1. Environmental taxation - Encyclopédie de l'environnement
  2. ISBN 13: 9789264087620
  3. Book Details
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The first part focuses on links between ETR and eco-innovation and green technologies. The study reveals that it is possible to reduce income tax, increase innovation and cut pollution by introducing well-targeted environmental taxes and recycling the revenues back into the economy.

Environmental taxation - Encyclopédie de l'environnement

The double dividend and environmental tax reforms in Europe , ILO, , 44 p. This paper examines the double-dividend hypothesis, notably increasing environmental quality and reducing unemployment at the same time, that inspired ETRs implemented in several EU Member States in the s. It discusses the effectiveness of these reforms in order to improve the role of ETRs in realizing the double dividend. This article overviews the recent evolution of the environmental tax systems in the Baltic region by presenting the environmental taxes used in eight Baltic countries: Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Finland and Sweden during the period from till According to this policy brief environmental regulations make a small difference to productivity and employment; affect only marginally international competitiveness; their benefits often vastly outweigh the costs; and they induce innovation in green technologies with economy-wide benefits.

This Green tax index offers an overview of the green tax landscape around the world and a summary of what governments are putting in place. It focuses on 21 major economies. A high ranking in the Index means that the government is more active than others in using its tax system to drive sustainable business and achieve green policy objectives. This publication provides with comparative analysis of the structure and level of taxes on energy use in all OECD countries. It contains overviews of energy taxes and graphical profiles by country. Inventory of estimated budgetary support and tax expenditures for fossil fuels , OECD, , p.

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This is a compilation of over measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in all OECD countries. Those measures had an overall value of about USD billion a year between and Summary of the main findings, background information on the context and methodology, and country data are available.

ISBN 13: 9789264087620

The aim of this working paper is to assess the effectiveness of the use of different economic instruments for promoting better resource efficiency within packaging and to analyse the potential of a packaging tax for generating public revenue for EU member states. This working paper clarifies different terms and concepts related to resource taxation.

Environmental Innovation

It analyses different systems of taxation on non-renewable and mineral resources in view of their possible implementation. Regressivity of environmental taxation: myth or reality? This paper analyses the tax incidence of environmental taxation, explores the main empirical findings regarding the distributional effects of transport-related taxes and those of other environmental taxes, and presents some recent evidence on the distributional impact of energy taxation in the EU member states. Taxes on natural resources reduce use of raw materials , In: Science for Environment Policy , November , 1 p.

This is a summary of recent study that investigated how taxes on raw materials used in construction, such as gravel and sand, have reduced the use of these resources in Denmark, Sweden and the UK.

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This book contains an authoritative set of original contributions on environmental taxation in different topics and OECD countries. Since innovation inputs are costly, they exhibit elasticities to net returns, the magnitudes of which will depend on the market environment. If inventors work for firms, for example, their compensation derives from surplus sharing with the firm. As a result, both firms and their inventors could be responsive to both personal and corporate income taxes.

These effects, in turn, may reflect a mix of extensive margin responses inventors or firms moving across states and individuals making occupational choices and entering or exiting the labor market and intensive margin responses inventors choosing how hard to work on their research or companies choosing how many employees to hire. We begin by describing patterns in innovation and taxation over the 20th century. We then document central patterns in taxation on personal and corporate income over the 20th century in the United States, focusing specifically on our newly constructed corporate tax database.

Next, we focus on macro state-level results. We study the baseline relationship between taxes and innovation, exploiting within-state tax changes over time and differences across borders. On the personal income tax side, we consider average and marginal tax rates, both for the median income level and for top earners. Our corporate tax measure is the top corporate tax rate. The implied elasticities of patents, inventors, and citations at the macro level are between 2 and 3.

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  8. We then turn to the micro level, which consists of individual firms and inventors. In addition to many detailed inventor-level controls, we exploit within state-year variation. We make use of the fact that inventors of different productivities have different incomes and will therefore be subject to different tax brackets.

    Again, we find that taxes have significant negative effects on the quantity and quality as measured by citations of patents produced by inventors, including on the likelihood of producing a highly successful patent which gathers many citations.

    At the individual inventor level, the elasticity of patents to the personal income tax is 0. Introduction, Background and Main Findings Chapter 2.

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    How to obtain this publication. Related Materials. In line with the increased importance attached to environmental issues, the OECD has scaled up its work on the nexus between tax policies and environmental policies; and with the Green Growth Strategy under preparation for the OECD Ministerial Meeting in May , this process will continue in coming years. Table of contents Executive Summary Chapter 1.

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